California Cadet Corps and Bear Flag

Basic Cadet Handbook

In 1957 the 31st Battalion, California Cadet Corps had over 100 members.  Several members of the Cadet staff undertook 
the development of a "Basic Cadet Handbook" to be used as a textbook for this class.  This ambitious group of Cadets 
included C/1LT Chuck Bridges, C/2LT Gary Robinson, C/2LT Owen Khatoonian, C/SFC William Cole, C/SFC Elton 
Hart, C/SFC Peter Hoose, C/SFC Louis Minkler, C/SGT Harry Bishop, C/SGT Owen Wilhelm, and C/CPL Steve 
Bogdanoff undertook the task of editing material from Jr ROTC Manuals, Army Field Manuals, and other sources and 
typing the Basic Cadet Handbook on to ditto masters.  Approximately 100 copies (The most that you could expect to get 
from a ditto master) were prepared and used as a course text book in 1958.  I was one of the first users of this handbook in 
my Freshman year at La Sierra.
Only one copy of this handbook is known to survive.  It was saved by Paul Krumhaus, class of 1961, and later a 
Commandant of Cadets at La Sierra.  He provided me with this copy which was scanned into the PDF document that is 
now available for viewing and downloading at the bottom of this page.  It along with the training material used at Roseville 
High School is a good representation of the California Cadet Corps curriculum used throughout the Sacramento area in the 1950s and 
early 1960's. 
Although the technical training material is interesting, readers should pay special attention to the original material written by 
La Sierra High School Cadets.  If you look at nothing else, please read the preface written by Harry Bishop, and the Letter 
from the Battalion Commander written by Chuck Bridges. (They are included below.) This material and the handbook itself 
show what the members of the California Cadet Corps were capable of doing, for the most part, on their own.  High school 
projects like this are what made so many Cadets successful after graduation.
Jack L Espinal
Las Sierra High School
Class of 1962



The object of this publication is to provide for cadets a compact but comprehensive guide to basic military skills, as both a convenient reference booklet and a simple text for study. It is hoped that through the processes of condensation and simplification utilized in the preparation of this handbook, the subject matter of this course may have been made more accessible to the average Cadet, and its successful study therefore facilitated.


The handbook has its limits: it does not touch upon the more advanced phases of military science to be met with in the second and third years of this course; but it does cover basic mater­ial thoroughly enough so that he mho masters it mill, in most ease, be eligible to receive the basin proficiency bar. Tie do not wean to imply that this is any mall task; indeed, in cer­tain facts of this course more study and practice will be neces­sary for absorption of the material than is necessary in most academic classes. or do we apologize for this; for this course, as set forth in the purposes and objectives of the California Cadet Corps, is probably as important inhere later progress and success is concerned as most of the "solids."


In any case, bear in mind that this course is primarily in­tended and keyed to the enthusiasms of the cadet mho has enrolled freely, expecting to derive from his experience a better under­standing of his fellow man; and thence, the advantage in dealing with his on affairs, and those of the world, which this understanding should impart to him.


Serving as the Battalion Commander of the 31st Battalion has boon one of my most enriching experiences. I've had the privilege of working with cadets of our own unit, as well as with the members of other local units. I've stood inspection at the conclusion of the summer encampment, and slept in the cold, damp pup tents during our annual bivouac. I've tried my luck at firing the offhand position during, rifle marksmanship. I've seen our battalion grow from a company of 55 cadets to a full fledged battalion of 120 cadets.

To most people, these events have little significance. But to me they mean a great deal. They have strengthened my character and taught me to realize that no matter what your job may be, it is always important.

It is my desire that the study of this text will aid in cultivating a thorough understanding of the California Cadet Corps program. The moat important item I hope you retain from this program is to be able to lead and discipline yourself both as an individual and as a member of a team.

Charles Bridges

View and or download a PDF file of the original La Sierra High School Basic Cadet Handbook.  There are four parts.  The first is about 2 megabytes  and the remaining 3 about 1 megabyte each.  It view them you will need the Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Part One

Part Two

Part Three

Part Four